Siena Cathedral

Siena Cathedral
Metropolitan Cathedral of Saint Mary of the Assumption
Duomo di Siena  (Italian)
  • Cattedrale Metropolitana di Santa Maria Assunta  (Italian)
Duomo di siena, facciata 01.JPG
Siena Cathedral
43°19′04″N 11°19′44″E / 43.3177°N 11.3290°E / 43.3177; 11.3290Coordinates: 43°19′04″N 11°19′44″E / 43.3177°N 11.3290°E / 43.3177; 11.3290
LocationSiena, Tuscany
CountryItaly
DenominationRoman Catholic
TraditionLatin Rite
Websiteoperaduomo.siena.it
History
StatusCathedral
Consecrated1215
Architecture
Architect(s)
Architectural typeChurch
StyleItalian Gothic, Romanesque, Classical
Groundbreaking1196
Completed1348
Specifications
Length89.4 metres (293 ft)
Height77 metres (253 ft)
Administration
ArchdioceseArchdiocese of Siena-Colle di Val d'Elsa-Montalcino
Clergy
ArchbishopAntonio Buoncristiani
ProvostRoberto Pialli
ArchdeaconGiovanni Soldani
Official nameHistoric Centre of Siena
TypeCultural
Criteriai, ii, iv
Designated1995 (19th session)
Reference no.717
State PartyItaly
RegionEurope and North America

Siena Cathedral (Italian: Duomo di Siena) is a medieval church in Siena, Italy, dedicated from its earliest days as a Roman Catholic Marian church, and now dedicated to the Assumption of Mary.

It was the episcopal seat of the Diocese of Siena, and from the 15th century that of the Archdiocese of Siena. It is now the seat of the Archdiocese of Siena-Colle di Val d'Elsa-Montalcino.

The cathedral was designed and completed between 1215 and 1263 on the site of an earlier structure. It has the form of a Latin cross with a slightly projecting transept, a dome and a bell tower. The dome rises from a hexagonal base with supporting columns. The dome was completed in 1264. The lantern atop the dome was added by Gian Lorenzo Bernini. The bell tower has six bells, where the oldest one was cast in 1149. The nave is separated from the two aisles by semicircular arches. The exterior and interior are constructed of white and greenish-black marble in alternating stripes, with the addition of red marble on the façade. Black and white are the symbolic colors of Siena, etiologically linked to black and white horses of the legendary city's founders, Senius and Aschius. There are thirty-five statues of prophets and patriarchs grouped around the virgin. The finest Italian artists of that era completed works in the cathedral. These artists were Nicola and Giovanni Pisano, Donatello, Pinturicchio, Lorenzo Ghiberti, and Bernini.